Click here to see the armature pattern that was used to make Jessie’s jersey cow sculpture.
If you’d rather read or skim the text instead of watching the video, the transcript is below. I’ve never done this before, so let me know in the comments if you think the transcript is useful.
Step 1 – The Acrylic Gesso Layer, and My Palette
Hi, I’m Jessie Rasche, and I am doing a guest post today for my mom, Jonni Good.
The first step on this beautiful cow will be adding plain white acrylic gesso. I’ve watered it down a teeny bit so it flows better. Putting it on pretty thick to add the paintbrush texture. I think it will look like hair in the next step.
I have a palette here that’s specifically for acrylic paint, and it has a sponge layer underneath that keeps the paint wet, and it really helps so that I don’t have to worry about the paint drying while I’m trying to work on something. (Note: You can find the palette on amazon.com)
Step 2 – My Colors
I’ve put out on my palette:
- cadmium yellow
- cadmium red
- alizarin crimson, and
- ultramarine blue
I’m going to mix up a tan color. For this first color I have a lot of white, a blob of cadmium yellow, a little bit of ultramarine goes a long ways, so I just used what was on my knife from scooping it, and just a tiny touch of the cadmium red. I’ll mix these up and see how they go.
It was a little too yellow, so I mixed in some more red and a little bit of alizarin crimson. I always spend a lot of time with my mixing.
Step 2 – Painting the Jersey Cow’s Cheeks and Chin
This color is for her cheeks and her chin. It’s a pretty color. It’s this nice, warm, tan color. And it doesn’t hurt anything if your color is a little bit warmer or cooler, a little bit yellower.
Jersey cows come in all different colors. With that darker brown, we’ll come right over this, but we’ll mix it in and it’ll be really pretty. Having the gesso still wet is helping because some of the gesso is pulling down to make hair.
If I had this over to do again, I would not let the gesso dry quite so much because it’s … In the couple spots where it’s wet, it’s really neat.
So here’s the first coat:
Step 3 – Mixing the Darker Forehead Color, and the Grainer Brush
I’m going to quickly mix up the next color while this is still wet, and also leave some of this on my palette and keep it wet in case I need to work it back in. I’m adding quite a bit of water to it to make sure it stays juicy.
The palette knife is really useful for saving paint. I’m scooting it all into a nice little pile so it stays wet longer.
I’m going to mix up the darker color that’s on her forehead. It’s basically just a burnt umber, so if you don’t enjoy mixing paint like I do, then there is no harm in getting a burnt umber acrylic paint.
I’m using some ultramarine blue, some cadmium red, but yeah, I love mixing up paints, so I always just start with the primaries. I think that’s pretty close. I’m going to mix in a little bit of a alizarin crimson. I want this to be a really nice warm brown.
So I’m using this brush again. It’s called a Princeton Select Filbert Grainer 3/4″ (amazon.com link) and it has these short hairs in the middle and then longer hairs that come out, and it’s been making really nice hair texture.
Step 4 – Painting the Forehead
I’m just kind of flicking the filbert grainer brush down at the ends. See, it’s making this really nice hair texture.
Her forehead hair will come down over this dark color, but I want to give it something dark to come over.
Step 5 – Details Around the Muzzle and Eyes
To bring out the shape of her muzzle I’m just a very lightly tapping the brush around the edge so it doesn’t leave too dark of marks.
I want it to just hint at the hair, just kind of tap, tap, tap to make some detailing in the fur under her eyes. These aren’t all eyelashes. Some of it is just the dark fur right under her eye, so I’m trying to make it soft and subtle.
Step 6 – Adding a Smile
You’ve probably noticed if you’ve been using acrylic paint for a while, the more water you mix in, the more the paint will change color after you’ve put it on. So if you mix a lot of water and it might look kind of lightened, but then it’ll darken up quite a bit once it dries.
Now, Jonni put this nice line right between the cow’s upper and lower lip, and I’m going to follow along with that. So this side of this brush is making a nice straight line, and it sort of unintentionally made this shape, which I think is great, and I’m going to follow along and give her just a teeny bit of a smile.
It’s very subtle, but it’s right in there as this tiniest smile, and then we’ll come on back with a little bit lighter paint on the bridge of her nose.
Step 7 – The Horn Tips and Inside the Ears
Next I’ll do the horns, and just the tips for these ones, and then it’ll be the lighter color coming up. I looked at a whole bunch of Jersey cow pictures, and it seemed like some of them had horns that were black all the way down and some of them were just black at the tips and then had more of a cream or brown color below.
I’m doing little circle-y motions to push the paint down and get a nice soft texture at the bottom.
I’ll add a little bit of dark paint for the ears. I’m going to add a teeny bit more cadmium red to warm it up since these are the … You know, sometimes cow’s ears look really pink. This is all going to be hidden, so again, it’s just giving something for the hairs to contrast with.
Step 8 – Painting Fur in the Ears
I’m going to do the sort of warmer brown for her forehead and her ears, and then do the really light color on the bridge of her forehead and her eyebrows very last. And the palette’s keeping these colors nice and wet.
If you don’t have one of these palettes like this, put some saran wrap over the colors you’re not using.
For this medium brown color, I’m starting with cadmium red and cadmium yellow. I’m just going to add a little bit of the burnt umber type color that we mixed up, our dark brown, and a little bit of our cream. See where it goes.
I just mixed that into a little bit so I can see if I like it or not. It’s a nice warm medium brown, like a terracotta type color, and so I’m mixing in a teeny bit more of the dark brown.
I mix in the water after I mix the color since it will change it quite a bit, but then it’ll dry more like what it looked like before I added the water.
With the ears, their ears are so cute and furry, so I’m going to start with just a little bit right in here, and kind of brush upward to get that hair texture.
I’m going to bring some hair up and some hair down, and get all the way around the outside. I’m going to bring it out just a teeny bit on the other side, too.
Jersey cows come in all different colors, so if you mix up your colors differently, you know, just have fun with it. Can’t go wrong.
Her ears have all this texture on them now and some texture on the back.
And I should say, I just love all of my mom’s sculptures, but I’m particularly partial to cows. So this is so fun getting to paint this up.
Step 9 – The Forehead Fur
I like this orange color quite a bit. I’m going to stick with it. And again, this is … You could buy this as a medium brown or a terracotta brown already mixed up or a burnt sienna, but I like mixing it with just cadmium yellow and cadmium red and just a teeny touch of blue.
I’m going to keep this dark undercoat coming through a little bit, so I’m just lightly brushing down, and you can see here it’s already developing. These are going to be the final hairs, so I’m being really careful here.
If I didn’t have a brush like this, I’d probably put on the big parts of it and then just get a tiny little pointy brush or liner brush to paint the hairs on individually.
I’m making sure that the places where my different colors meet, that hair texture’s coming through, and I think that’ll make it feel like there’s hair everywhere without having to paint hair everywhere.
Step 10 – Adding White to the Muzzle
I’m using one of my super ratty brushes, and because it’s been used and abused so much, the hairs are all out a bit and I think it’ll make a nice texture for the eyebrow area, where I just want it to be a little bit more subtle, and then I’ll use this other brush that you’ve seen a lot of for any hair that I want to mix.
I paint a lot. I paint every day, so I have a giant tub of white, make sure not to contaminate it. Think I’m going to start with pure white, and if that seems like too much, then I might mix a little bit of our cream color into it.
I’m just doing like a tap, tap, tap to get a nice soft color, and I’m going to leave a teeny bit of the colors underneath to give it a little bit of texture, and all these crazy hairs are putting a little bit of hair texture and a little bit of just kind of a softness. It’s putting a really nice texture on there. It’s kind of random. It looks like really short fur. And I’m just creeping up on where I want it to go kind of slowly so I have a little bit more control.
I’m leaving that smile there, but just a little bit. I’m covering it up a teeny bit, but I want it to be in there kind of subtly. Okay. I’m leaving my white paint really thick. I’m just putting in enough water to make it move. I’m leaving a little hint of eyelashes in there.
Step 11 – The Final Details
Okay. She’s down to finishing touches. I’m going to use a little bit of black. It’s ivory black. I don’t use it very often. I don’t use it to darken colors or anything like that, but sometimes if I just really want something to pop, I’ll use it. So I’m going to take a little bit of ivory black and just start with the eyes, and see if I need to mix in some other colors to kind of warm up the black a little bit. Nope. That’s going to work just great, just plain black.
I’m just doing right around her eye liner area, and I’m going to give her a giant pupil.
Then I’m going to go next to it with dark brown, but a really warm brown, with some ultramarine blue, some cadmium red, a little bit of yellow.
So you can see that I go through a lot of paint when I paint things, and part of that is because I have been painting with oil paint for so long, I really like it when my paint stays wet and I can mix them together, and part of it is because I paint so much that my paints don’t get wasted, and I have this nice palette that’ll keep them wet for next time.
So we can give her some nice brown eyes, and you know, eyes aren’t … They might be perfect in real life, but when you paint eyes, they really don’t have to be perfect to look right.
And then just a teeny bit of the beige color, darken that up a little bit and do a little bit of a line of the white underneath. The more kind of wobbly it is, the more she’ll look like her eyes are a little bit wet, and we could give her a little eye spot.
The cow is done.
I came back with the black and used up the rest that I had on my palette and just put a little bit of hair through here to give it a little bit more texture, and I used a little bit more of the dark to give some little chin hairs and some subtlety right there.
Thanks for watching.
Thank you, Jessie!
To see all of Jessie’s landscape paintings, including the ones with cows ((mom’s favorites!) visit Jessie’s website at JessiesFineArt.com
And be sure to leave a comment for Jessie below – and also, tell me if you found the video transcript and screen shots helpful.