Harry Keaton wrote a guest post for us, showing us how he made the armature for his Laurence of Arabia sculpture. Armatures for two-legged critters (humans, birds…) is a real challenge. Thanks, Harry, for sharing your ideas with us!
©2017 Harry Keaton
My paper mache’ sculpture was based on Peter O’Toole’s role in the 1962 movie “Lawrence of Arabia.” The real Lawrence of Arabia was a blue-eyed English/Irish soldier who was a military leader during World War I. Over the years Lawrence has become almost a mythical hero. In the movie version, Peter O’Toole’s costume was a brilliant white. That almost blinding white costume was one thing I wanted to bring out in my sculpture.
The first stage of my sculpture was creating a strong standing armature.
For the armature, I used two extra long chop stick, one for each leg. (My extra long Chop sticks are 14 inches long, purchase on Amazon.) I decided the distance I wanted between the feet and drilled two holes completely through the wooden base. I inserted each chop stick and hot glued them in each hole.
I then cut nine gauge wire and reinforced each leg, using masking tape to attach each chop stick to the wire. I used painters wooden paint paddles for the body. (Can be purchase at most any store selling paint, I purchase 10 paddles for a total of 99 cents.) I used two paddles with a third paddle cut shorter and placed between the other two paddles.
I taped them in place, then used nine gauge wire across the body and in between the two paint paddles to form the arms. I hot glued the arms so they would stand up.
The second stage is forming the body.
For the second stage, I shaped the body using aluminum foil. After the shape was completed, I covered the aluminum foil with masking tape.
For the third stage, I moved the sculpture outdoors for the plaster wrap.
The third stage was done with plaster wrap cloth.
You cut the plaster wrap cloth and dip each strip in water and wrap it around each body part (overlapping is fine). Cut smaller strips of one to two inches wide, dip in water and wrap the body. The plaster wrap helps firm up the body. I only use one coat of plaster wrap, but if you wish you can use two layers, it won’t really matter since the entire body will be covered with his clothing. I purchased the plaster wrap cloth from Amazon. You can see the box in the picture to see the type I used. The roll is out of the box, so you can see what it looks like before being cut and dipped in water.
The fourth step is completing the sculpture. I don’t have a picture of me applying the dipped paper towels, because it is somewhat messy and I didn’t have anyone here to take the pictures. I am using a completed picture once again and will describe the process of draping the towels below the picture. I think with the aid of this picture and my description it will be easy for you to understand.
The final stage is draping his costume with paper towels.
I used Viva smooth finish paper towels dipped into white Gesso. (For those who might not have used Gesso, it is a thick glue like liquid used on raw canvas, to seal the surface before doing an oil painting and also stiffen the canvas. Most canvases now come pre-coated with gesso.) Most any art store or hobby shop will have large bottles of Gesso.
I first tore off one Viva paper towel, dipped the towel into a bowl of full strength gesso and got both sides wet with the gesso. I gently pulled the towel through two fingers to remove some of the excess Gesso and then wrapped the wet towel around his foot and shaped it to the height I wanted the boot.
I did this on each foot almost up to the knees. I then took another paper towel and dipped it and put it at the top at his waist and bloused it out down to the top of his boots. I did this on each side creating his ballooned pants. I covered his chest and his back with two other dipped paper towels to form a tight fitting sleeveless shirt with somewhat of a collar.
Each arm of the shirt was created by using a ballooned paper towel for the front of the sleeve and a second paper towel for the back of the sleeve. Don’t worry, the paper towels will stick together giving more of a seamless look. Most people will never know you used two towels to create the sleeves. I attached the air dry clay face to the head with hot glue. (I carved the clay face about three days before using, so it would have time to harden.)
The next step is creating a head dress and leaving only the clay face to be painted when the sculpture is completely dry.
Each person will do their own take on what ever costume they are designing. I hope my directions are clear and I have helped anyone wanting to learn how I sculpt a figure. When complete, this figure is paper from head to toe, except for the wire hands and the face. The sculpture is 28 inches high.
As you may notice, I put falcon gloves on both of Lawrence’s hands. Ordinarily a falcon hunter would only use one glove to protect his hand from the falcon’s sharp talons. At the point I was creating the brown gloves, I was unsure on which hand I would have the falcon perched, so I created a thick leather glove for each hand. (Gloves were done using Jonni’s paper mache’ clay recipe)
The very last step is to paint the costume. Since Lawrence of Arabia wore brilliant white attire and I used latex bright white gesso, I did not have to paint anything but his two gloves and his clay face. The golden falcon was formed with aluminum foil and covered with a dipped Viva paper towel. I dry brushed the falcon with metallic gold paint.
Good luck with your sculpture. Hope you have lots of fun creating with paper mache’.