Paper Mache Holiday Projects

Fast Snowman with Paper Mache Clay

Paper Mache Snowman

It’s really cold outside this week, but we don’t have any snow down here in the valley. Even Mt. Emily has only a light dusting of snow. But I do have a bit of winter cheer in my house, because I made this goofy little snowman by stuffing a plastic grocery bag with old newspapers and covering it with paper mache clay.

The idea for using a stuffed plastic bag for a form came from Laurie Baker’s guest post showing her wonderful Halloween pumkins. My snowman isn’t nearly as big, since Laurie used garbage bags and I used grocery bags, but there’s no reason you couldn’t make a really big snowman if you wanted to.

I admit my first little snowman does not qualify as great art, but for just a few hours of my time, I think he came out OK.

Now let’s get started with our snowman:

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 1

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 1

First, stuff your bag with old newspapers, and then use string to create a neck. Use masking tape to cover the open top of the bag, and to cover any folds.  Push and poke your bag until you get a shape and attitude you like. If needed, add some more masking tape to keep the shape.

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 2

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 2

Now cut round or oval piece from scrap cardboard and tape it to the bottom of your snowman so he has a nice flat surface to sit on. I used plastic (Scotch) tape because I didn’t want to cover the bottom with paper mache clay (large flat surfaces tend to warp when they dry). Masking tape is designed to be easy to remove, so it will unstick itself over time. The plastic tape should stay on longer.

I then reinforced the connection between the cardboard bottom and the plastic bag, and made a nice smooth transition, with more masking tape.

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 3

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 3

Now add small balls of “coal” for his buttons and eyes, make a twist of newspaper for his carrot nose, and build a warm knitted hat out of a long twist of newspaper around his head and a ball for the top. Then poke a hole in the plastic bag and insert twigs for the snowman’s arms.

Note: Use strong twigs, or leave the arms until after your snowman is painted. I broke my first pair and had to replace them. If you add the arms later, drill a small hole through the clay, plastic and some of the newspaper inside, put a dab of glue on the end of the twig, and then poke it in.

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 4

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step 4

Sit your snowman on a piece of cardboard or a baking sheet, which you first cover with plastic wrap. This will make it much easier to move your snowman while you work. It also makes it easier to move it from your work table to a warm place to dry after the clay has all been applied. (I forgot to do this, myself, and it made things difficult).

Now make up some paper mache clay and spread it onto your snowman with a knife.

I just updated my original video that shows you how to make the clay, because I’ve changed the recipe just slightly. The new version is actually easier to make  than my original recipe. You can see the recipe and directions for making paper mache clay here.

If you don’t want to run to the hardware store for your clay ingredients, you could make your snowman with the traditional paper strips and paste. It will take slightly longer, but it should still turn out just fine.

I decided at the last minute that my snowman needed a scarf, so I added more clay in that area and used my knife to sculpt the scarf. I also added a thicker layer for the mouth area so I could add some lips. Because these areas are thicker than the rest, they will take longer to dry.

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step5

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Step5

Now put your snowman in a warm place to dry, perhaps near a radiator or heat register. Allow him to dry completely. There should be no “give” at all when you push on any part of him. Be especially careful to check any area that has a thicker layer of clay, like the scarf.

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Finished

Paper Mache Clay Snowman, Finished

Now just paint him any way you like, and put him out for a cheerful display. If you give him away as a gift or make some to sell at a craft bazaar, you would want to cover the cardboard bottom with white felt.

Next time I make one I think I’ll give it a wide-brimmed hat, like the kind I associate with Diane Keaton in her early Woody Allen movies. Maybe add a sweater…

Have fun – and stay warm!


About the author

Jonni Good

I'm a sculptor, author, gardener, and grandma. When I'm not catering to the needs of my obnoxious cat, I make videos, create stuff, and play around with paper mache. I'm also the author of several highly-rated books on paper mache. You'll find them in the sidebar, and on


  • Hello,

    I’ll try again to attach a photo.

    Thanks, Lucinda

  • Hello,

    I’ve been trying to make a giant snowman for the last couple of days and I’m running into some trouble. The snowman has three sections. I made a large toile sleeve as the body, stuffed it with newspaper and used masking tape to create the shape. The paste clay is having problems sticking to the form, especially the vertical parts and undersides of the balls. Did I need to cover the entire form with masking tape? How do I keep it from sliding due to gravity?

    Thanks much, Lucinda

    • I haven’t use the voile myself, but it sounds like it’s a material that the glue in the clay doesn’t stick to. That would probably mean that it needs to be covered with tape. If you put a thin coat over the tape, 1/8″ or so, and if the clay is stiff enough to not be runny, it should stick to a vertical surface. For the underside you might need to turn the snowman on his side.

  • I haven’t worked with paper mache since I was a kid at school! Why is it some of us ignore these fun things when we’re older? I want to make a paper mache snowman now for Christmas, and maybe do a Father Christmas if I’m feeling brave enough!

    • so try cute, thaNKS FOr POSTING – I’M CURIOUS is there s reason NOT to use balloonsinateD OF THE PLAsric bGS? I found this as I wasWAS LOOKING TO BUY SOME PM snowmen,as, in a gift shop today I saw adorable snowmen ornaments that were $18/piece, but they were simply paper mache proimrd and glittered w/some dimensional paint used for eyes, &scarfs I figured for hat kind of money I could kake a ton of my ownI was thinking BOUT CUTTING UP A wire coat hanger to make arms, and screwing a cup hick up top as a hangerit didn’t occur to me to make a huge one, but I love the idea I think a beach balls would work my husband who knits & crochets is jazzed about finding the riht yarn and making scarves and mittens for them I think I’l make coal buttons & eyes from fimo

      • Lisa, you can use anything you like as an armature for paper mache. That’s one of the things that make this medium so much fun. It sounds like you have a great plan, and I hope you let us see your snowman when it’s done.

  • I just made my first paper clay today. It turned out great. I have one question. Can I layer the clay or do I have to complete an entire area first. I put on a thin layer, but want to go back and add detail. How many layers have you been successful with drying in between.
    Really enjoy your website and information.
    Thank you

    • If you let each layer dry completely, you can add more, for details or whatever, as often as you want. I usually end up with one thin layer for a base, and then I add some more where details are needed or where I want to add a texture that didn’t get done in the first layer.

      • this was my question, too….I also wonder if I can put items in the dehydrater to dry them quicker? I love your site and am really enjoying frosting my items rather than stripping them…..Thank you for any answer you provide….

        • Hi Deb. I haven’t tried using a dehydrator, but it’s an interesting idea. Try a small item and see if it dries evenly. And be sure to let us know if it works!

  • Hi
    First of all, love your work!!!!
    I’m doing a science project on modeling a 3D animal cell.
    I thought that i would make a big circle out of the paper mache clay for a base. I just had a few questions.
    1) Once i’ve made the cirlce and after it has dried, is it possible to cut it open just like the picture at the bottom or would it be better to cut it open using plain old paper mache?
    2) Can clay or play-doh stick on th paper mache/clay after it has dried?

    Thank you

  • Ha, well I was looking at the page about outdoor sculptures and when I clicked on this I was expecting a “lifelike?” statue of a snowman!! Very cute little guy. I had to laugh as I was imagining a big snowman that would be fun to have ready to put outdoors when it snows, a big huge one that everyone wonders how they could work so hard in that snow and get it that big, you know – one of those kind.

  • Hi,
    I was wondering what ‘Joint Compound’ is? Do you use it for joining plaster? I am in Australian and have not heard of it before.

    • Hi Debra. Another reader from Australia says it’s called Joint Finish in your country. You normally use it to fill in the space between two pieces of plasterboard when building a wall. You need the kind that’s already mixed, so it looks a little bit like wet plaster. It’s sold in a plastic tub. The primary ingredient is usually calcium carbonate.

      I hope this helps.

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