Garden Art Paper Mache Animals

Julie’s Mountain Lion Sculpture

Finished Concrete Mountain Lion Sculpture

Today we have a real treat. Julie showed us her mountain lion and fox last week in a comment on the Daily Sculptors page. I asked her if she would do a guest post to show us how she made the sculptures, and she graciously agreed! Because her sculptures are covered with concrete, they can safely stay outside.

Hello, I’m Julie Ellis, I’m married with 2 sons, a lovely daughter-in-law and 5 wonderful grandchildren. I’ve been a professional paper hanger, worked in a bronze casting foundry in the wax chasing department, and my husband’s a concrete contractor so I do his office work. I started my art “career” with oils and pastels and after working at a bronze foundry I tried my hand at sculpting. I’ve also created decorative concrete stamps. My experience has been wide and varied. It’s been an adventure. After coming across Jonni’s website and getting her “Animal Sculpture“ paper mache book it’s opened the door for me to create large pieces of art that up to this point I’ve not been able to afford. Thank you Jonni!

Mountain Lion: 59″ nose to tail/ 54″ tall from bottom of base to top of lion/ 46″ at the widest part of the base/ 12″ body width.

Lion amature

Lion armature, made with rebar and Styrofoam.

1: I made a 1″ graph on the photo I used then enlarged it to a 5″ graph on a 2″ x 4′ x 8′ sheet of Styrofoam (instead of cardboard). My son welded an armature for me using 3/8″ rebar and attached it to a square base. You can see some of the armature in the photo. The armature is oblong with bars attached for leg supports. The leg supports were 4″ from center but I think it would have been better at 5″ from center since the figure is 12″ wide. Had my hands full there!

I used a Demand hot knife to carve where the rebar would fit on the Styrofoam. Using insulation foam spray, wire, hot glue and anything I could get my hands on, I attached the Styrofoam to the rebar and glued Styrofoam spacers between the body and legs. Then I began developing the figure with newspaper and masking tape as in “Animal Sculpture”. For support for the rock base Donnie welded rebar to attach the legs making it more stable and give it more strength. It also gave me something to start building the rocks on.

Lion structure

Adding the underlying layer of paper mache.

2: I put a layer of paper mache clay on the mountain lion figure. I realized after putting cement on the fox I needed to make the pm clay pretty rough so the cement has something to hang on to. So I put another rough layer on. This is somewhat similar to using wire on a house to apply stucco. You can see how rough I made it in my photo. I put a cement bonding agent on the pm clay coated figure preparing it for cement. I think any cement bonding agent will do the job. Ask your local supplier about it.

Texture and rock base.

Texture and rock base.

3: For the rock base I used large pieces of Styrofoam to fill the void then wrapped it with chicken wire and tied it to the rebar armature. I stuffed voids with newspaper and some plastic sacks (recycling!) The places I couldn’t reach to stuff paper I used the foam spray to fill voids. I prepped the foam spray areas with bonding agent. Where there was chicken wire exposed I felt the cement would go through and hold to the wire. Think if I was to do it again I’d put pm clay on the base. There are some great websites to help you with color and texture for rocks.

Adding cement.

Adding cement.

4: ALWAYS ALWAYS! USE GLOVES! Cement will eat your hands alive. I used white QUIKWALL Bonding cement for my final layer. It”s very fibrous and strong and I’ve used it for other cement projects. It has a course texture due to the fibers in it. You can pat it gently to bring up some cream but for the most part if you’re applying it by hand it’s not a smooth surface unless you use a cement trawl.

Cementing the fox I turned the figure on it’s back and put cement on the belly first then after it hardened I turned it over to put the top cement on. I put bonding agent on the dry cement, allowed it to dry, and then while attaching the top wet cement I moistened the dry cement with bonding agent and attached the wet cement to dry. The mountain lion was too large to do this so I had to fight gravity. ( Drier cement.)

I recommend not mixing more than a half bag at a time. ( Even less until you’re used to it.) Put the dry mix in a wheel barrow (any container you can mix in) and gradually add water. Get it to a little thicker than cake batter consistency. Make cement patties and put them on your sculpture. The cement will start to set up and when it gets too firm I put my hands in water shake them off and work moisture into the patties. It helps if you’re in the shade so it doesn’t go to fast. When you’re done spray your sculpture with water and cover it with plastic so it can cure slowly. Spray it several times a day for three days. The longer it stays moist the stronger it gets. Some modern dams are still curing years later.

Lion back, with color added.

Lion back, with color added.

5: Coloring: I use Flex cement concrete stain for my color vs. acrylic paint. I like that it’s transparent and has the benefit of being a sealer as well as a color. Saves you a step. There are many different concrete stains.

Finished Concrete Mountain Lion Sculpture

Finished Concrete Mountain Lion Sculpture

Thanks, Julie!


About the author

Jonni Good

I'm a sculptor, author, gardener, and grandma. When I'm not catering to the needs of my obnoxious cat, I make videos, create stuff, and play around with paper mache. I'm also the author of several highly-rated books on paper mache. You'll find them in the sidebar, and on


  • Happy I came across your site. A couple years back I attempted to make a five foot Goofy
    figure skiing. I was able to get large sheets of form. Had a hack of a time getting the pieces to stay together using various glues. Finally attempted to cover the figure with fiberglas, resein and bondo. Two years ago vandals did it in and it went into the garbage.
    I realize part of my problem was only putting one layer of fiberglass.
    Since finding your site I have a begun a four foot snow man for the coming Christmas. I made the frame out of chicken wire and have begun coverng it with masking tape and paper mache. I plan on putting 5 layers of fiberglas over the paper mache and seal it with gelcoat before painting it.
    I will let you know how things work out. Going to use your Dry Clay for some of the detail work.

    Thanks for all the great information

    • Hi Frank. It sounds like you have a nice big project planned. Good luck with the fiberglass – I’ve never used it, but it would certainly solve the waterproofing problem that we have with paper mache. I hope you’ll let us see how it turns out.

  • I love the technique you used in making the cougar. I am in the process of making a life-sized horse and rider. It is presently in the last phase with the armature covered with construction gauge mesh wire. I want to get your opinion as to if I should cover it with the PMC first and then Quickset or should I go directly to covering it with cement. I want it to last a long time since it will be set outside an art studio. Which method will allow me to build out the musculature better? It seems like the PMC would help cut down on the overall weight. Any suggestions would be appreciated. Thanks

  • bonjour depuis peu je me suis mis au papier macher je prend mon inspiration par votre sculture passionner de felin je reverai de reproduire le votre sur un rocher comment avez vous fait

  • Julie thank you so much for your wonderfully detailed steps and the great photos! I especially loved your photos/explanations in Step 1 about putting a grid on your photo and then enlarging it onto a large sheet of Styrofoam. It probably is understood to do that for those of you experienced in such things, but I’m not experienced, so it was very enlightening. We’re in the process of moving, but once we get settled, I am so eager to begin a project–and I will be buying all of Jonni’s books once we’re there to really jump start the process.

    I absolutely love this forum! The members are so encouraging and eager to share their ideas and knowledge. Thanks so much!

    And Jonni, an especially huge thank you to you for making all of this possible!

    • Hi Barb. I’m glad you’re enjoying the site. Be sure to let us see what you make, once you get settled into your new place.

  • Thank you so much for that cool “how to” I would love to do large scale outdoor sculptures- and I really appreciate this website and all the folks who contribute! Have you guys checked out that new product called “Never Wet”… I am wondering how that would work with paper mache sculptures as well. I just bought some of the ingredients to make my first paper mache clay project. I am excited!

  • Julie what an amazing project. I was wondering if you are starting to get people knocking on your door asking about your art? I know if I was driving by your place it would make my day every time. Because I am an artist I would spend hours wondering how it was made and what things I could make. I would also be able to enjoy the setting and beauty of it all ( kinda like when I had to stop and let a deer cross the road in front of me. It was early morning and just the two of us ..the sun was splicing through the early morning mist on to the road almost giving the whole seen a hallo when she stopped to look at me I definitely smiled , than she looked back at the edge of the road and low and behold out popped not 1, not 2, but 3 very new fawns) I enjoyed the experience and see the 4 of them regularly. Your Art work gives me that same feeling of awe.

  • I never know the adventure I am going to have when I see what people are doing. This is beautiful, amazing, and inspirational. Thanks for the post. I’m trying to find a home, and if I do, I’ll have plenty of inspiration around.

  • Please continue sharing with us, Julie! I really want to give this project a try, just saving my pennies for the supplies, and trying to be good and finish other projects before starting one like this.
    Does any one else have the problem of getting inspired, starting a project, only to get inspired on another and another and finding time to finish them all?

    Wonderful and inspiring, Julie, thank you for the info and photos.

    • Yes, I have your problem. That’s why I’m forcing myself to finish my cement leaves that have been waiting to get paint for a very long time! Will not allow myself to start a next project until they are delt with. House work also gets in the way. Dang it! Anyone want to know how to cement leaves? See we’re a lot a like!

  • Also when finished the bag can be reused, just let the concrete residue dry and shake it out of the bag. No cleanup of a wheel barrow or through.

  • one more tip about mixing smaller workable amounts of concrete:
    find a large heavy duty plastic bag, like the kind used for 50 lb dog food or 25lb sunflower seeds.
    but in water first, then add concrete ( any type). mix by manipulating bag back and forth. Ad more concrete as needed. Apply. directly from the bag. I have found this method to work wonderfully from anything from small garden sculptures to stepping stones.

    • Daryll thank you for the wonderful mixing cement in a bag tip. THANK YOU! I hate cleaning the wheel barrow but so necessary. Will have to give it a try. I don’t know the exact water/cement ratio to start with water first. Can you give me a ballpark on how much water to start with?

  • Thanks everyone you’re so kind! if I can answer any questions you have I would be glad to share what I know or find answers if I don’t!

  • WOW!!!!!!!!!!!! What a wonderful sculpture! Thanks so much for sharing your process, it is beautiful!!!!!!!!!

  • Julie, your mountain lion sculpture is just awesome! I love the movement you captured and thanks so much for sharing your technique.

  • I want to thank everyone for their kind comments about the mountain lion and fox. It sure makes me feel good to have artists like my art. Give the cement process a try you’ll like it. Jonni the links are fantastic! Thank you.

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